Fertility drugs are the primary treatment for women with ovulation issues. We know that the whole process can be very confusing with all the treatment options available. This is especially true for someone who is just beginning her fertility journey. To help you familiarize with various fertility medication options currently available in the marketplace, Virginia Center for Reproductive Medicine has compiled a list of the most common fertility drugs prescribed, how they work and how to use them.
1) Clomiphene Citrate
Common Brand Names: Clomid, Tamoxifen, Letrozole (Femara)
How it Works: these medications create an increase in the hormones that support growth and release of a mature egg.
How to Use: s taken by mouth for 5 days. Your fertility doctor will give you directions on how and when to take it. Be sure to follow the dosing schedule exactly for optimum results.
If these are successful, your fertility specialist may recommend injectable hormones to stimulate ovulation.
Common Brand Names: Menopur
How it Works: Menotropins provides the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) that help healthy ovaries make eggs. This medication is often combined with another hormone (hCG-human chorionic gonadotropin) to help you become pregnant by growing and releasing mature eggs.
How to Use: Menotropins is an injection. Your fertility clinic will train you on how to properly use this medication.
3) FSH preparations
Common Brand Names: Bravelle, Follistim, Gonal-F
How it Works: these medications provide the Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) that stimulates the development and growth in ovaries. This medication is often combined with another hormone (hCG-human chorionic gonadotropin) to help you become pregnant by growing and releasing mature eggs. They are not recommended for women with primary ovarian failure.
How to Use: By an injection usually taken once a day. The medicine comes with Patient Information directions. Read over all the directions carefully
4) Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)
Common Brand Names: Pregnyl, Novarel, Ovidrel
How it Works: hCG is given after finishing Menotropins to cause the release of an egg.
How to Use it: hCG is an injection directly into a muscle by a health care professional. Occasionally this medication is taken at home
If you are in the process of familiarizing yourself with various fertility options before starting your fertility treatment journey, we welcome you to contact us at 703-437-7722 or visit or website at: http://www.vcrmed.com/